Names of Famous Volcanoes
Mt. Mazama, Oregon
Archaeologists have found sandals and other artifacts buried under layers of ash, dust, and pumice from this eruption approximately 7,700 years ago. This created what’s known as Crater Lake. Its depth of 1,943 feet (592 meters) makes it the deepest lake in the United States, and the seventh deepest in the world.
Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
Mt. Vesuvius is the best known volcano on earth. It is a typical example of a volcano in a volcano made by an outer broken cone, Mt. Somma (1133 metres) with a crateric belt most of which is destroyed. The slopes, which vary in their steepness, are furrowed by profound radial Mt. Somma grooves produced by the erosion of the meteoric waters.
Mt. Fuji, Honshu, Japan
The crater on the flank was created by the 1707 eruption. Mount Fuji is the archetype of the stratovolcano and probably rivals Vesuvius for the best-know volcano. The volcano rises about 3,500 m above the surrounding plain. Fuji has erupted at least 16 times since 781 AD. Most of these eruptions were moderate to moderate-large in size. The most recent eruption was in 1707-1708 from a vent on the southeast side of the cone.
Mt. Tambora, Indonesia
Tambora is a stratovolcano, forming the Sanggar peninsula of Sumbawa Island. The diameter of the volcano at sea-level is about 38 miles (60 km). The 1815 eruption formed a caldera about 4 miles (6 km) in diameter. The 1815 eruption of Tambora was the largest eruption in historic time. An estimated 92,000 people were killed by the eruption. About 10,000 direct deaths were caused by bomb impacts, tephra fall, and pyroclastic flows. An estimated 82,000 were killed indirectly by the eruption by starvation, disease, and hunger.
Llullaillaco is the second highest active volcano in the world, surpassed only by Ojos del Salado. Llullaillaco I, the ancestral volcano, which has a history dating back to the Pleistocene (1.5 + 0.4 Ma), is now represented by two deeply eroded cones and associated lava flows; some of which are up to 20 km in length and are distributed mainly to the west.
Mt. Pelee, Martinique
Mount Pelee towers above the island of Martinique, in the West Indies. Since 1902, it is one of the most famous volcanoes on Earth ; its eruption led to the destruction of the entire city of Saint-Pierre, with its 28,000 inhabitants.
Mauna Loa, Hawaii
The Hawaiian name “Mauna Loa” means “Long Mountain.” Rising gradually to more than 4 km above sea level, Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on our planet. The enormous volcano covers half of the Island of Hawaii and by itself amounts to about 85 percent of all the other Hawaiian Islands combined.